RIGEL Biodefense Analytical Enterprise

Travel and Trade are key drivers of economic development. However, the number containers, vessels, passenger luggage and mail shipments that need to be inspected is increasing annually at a rate of 3 percent. Despite the growth, the number of assigned port-of-entry inspectors remains relatively unchanged. At the same time, policymakers need near real time evidence-based information that guide decisions for implementation of specific mitigation policies against IDTs affecting to humans, animals and/or plants. However, due to their the limited scope and lack of timeliness; strategic and tactical quantitative capability assessments generate contradictory views about their value for policy making [6, 7]. In fact, many scholars are uneasy, with the approach that a single “score” could be used to describe capabilities within a country. As a result, IDT mitigation strategies, resource allocation and evidence-based policy shaping remains slow [1, 6, 7]. Considering the dynamics of the spread and impact of IDTs changes rapidly not only within the EU, but around the world; it is key to understand risk, vulnerability and capability of a nation within tempo-spatial dependencies.