Travel and Trade are key drivers of economic development. However, the number containers, vessels, passenger luggage and mail shipments that need to be inspected is increasing annually at a rate of 3 percent. Despite the growth, the number of assigned port-of-entry inspectors remains relatively unchanged. At the same time, policymakers need near real time evidence-based information that guide decisions for implementation of specific mitigation policies against IDTs affecting to humans, animals and/or plants. However, due to their the limited scope and lack of timeliness; strategic and tactical quantitative capability assessments generate contradictory views about their value for policy making [6, 7]. In fact, many scholars are uneasy, with the approach that a single “score” could be used to describe capabilities within a country. As a result, IDT mitigation strategies, resource allocation and evidence-based policy shaping remains slow [1, 6, 7]. Considering the dynamics of the spread and impact of IDTs changes rapidly not only within the EU, but around the world; it is key to understand risk, vulnerability and capability of a nation within tempo-spatial dependencies.
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